S.S. Great Eastern, Brunel's ambitious Leviathan, maintained her record as the largest man-made moving object for over 40 years. She was surpassed in 1901 by the launch of R.M.S. Celtic for the White Star Line. The first of the 'Big Four' liners, Celtic was joined in 1903 by her slightly larger sister, R.M.S. Cedric. These liners would preserve White Star's reputation as purveyors of stability, spaciousness, and comfort. The two sisters, later joined by R.M.S. Baltic and R.M.S. Adriatic, enjoyed enduring popularity with the travelling public on the Liverpool-New York route. In response to changing market conditions, Celtic and Cedric were converted to 'Cabin Liners' in 1926, thereafter carrying Cabin Class, Tourist-Third Cabin, and Third Class passengers.
White Star Line saw the untimely departure of R.M.S. Celtic from their fleet in 1928. After running aground near Cobh, she was scrapped on site. Her younger sister R.M.S. Cedric would remain in service for another three years. She remained as a 'Cabin Liner' on the Liverpool-New York service for the rest of her days. Although sturdy and well liked, she was rendered surplus to requirements by the introduction of the new-fashioned motor-vessels, Britannic and Georgic. She began her last voyage on 5th September 1931 before making the voyage to Inverkeithing for scrapping in 1932.
Celtic and Cedric were among the first pre-war built White Star Line liners to be converted to 'Cabin Liners' from 1926. Despite lacking the innovations of the newer express liners, Cabin Class on these two sisters could offer the attraction of First Class service now available at near Second Class rates of passage.
Tourist-Third Cabin | Third Class
Tourist-Third Cabin was introduced by the International Mercantile Marine in 1924, replacing Second Class travel on Celtic and Cedric from 1926. Having only been recently furbished, the formerly Second Class accommodations offered improved standard of comfort for this class of travel.